We all know that Empress Dowager Cixi let go of the regent for more than 40 years, holding all the power of the Qing Dynasty, and Empress Dowager Cixi strictly controlled Emperor Guangxu.
Among the concubines of Emperor Quang Tu was a concubine Tran, almost out of control and often challenging the authority of Empress Dowager Cixi. Until the coalition of eight countries flooded into the palace, before fleeing, Tu Hi planned to harm Concubine Tran, thereby causing the story “Tran concubine well” to be passed down from generation to generation.
Portrait of Empress Dowager Cixi
Cherish the life time
Concubine Tran is a concubine loved by Emperor Quang Tu and is the daughter of Truong Tu Thi Lang Tu. Empress Dowager Cixi chose the Empress for Emperor Guangxu, who was her granddaughter, who was also Empress Long Du. At first, Consort Tran wrote very beautifully, moreover knew how to behave skillfully, and was loved by Tu Hi.
But also because Consort Tran was born in Guangdong, grew up in a relatively open environment from a young age, so she was very favored by Emperor Quang Tu. Beloved by the Emperor, Consort Tran became more impoverished and began to lose respect for the power of the Empress Dowager.
Loving the concubine, but not loving his Empress, this disrupts the plan of Empress Dowager Cixi. When the coalition of eight countries besieged Beijing, the palace was in chaos, Empress Dowager Cixi and Emperor Guangxu fled, she did not forget to send someone to throw Concubine Tran into the well.
Why does the Queen Mother hate Tran so much?
1. Emperor Quang Tu’s favor for Concubine Tran made Tu Hi indignation
Emperor Quang Tu extremely pampered Concubine Tran, once rewarded her with a palanquin carried by eight people. Consort Tran sat on a large palanquin walking around in the palace. This incident did not conform to the ritual, thereby causing Empress Dowager Cixi to be dissatisfied with this concubine.
Moreover, the Empress is the biological granddaughter of Empress Dowager Cixi, which she personally admired. The reason Cixi arranged the Empress for Guangxu was to plant spies by his side. However, as Emperor, every move was controlled by Cixi, which made Emperor Quang Tu resentful and determined not to favor the Empress. This made the Empress Dowager Cixi even more angry.
Large palanquin carried by eight people
2. Concubine makes Tu Hi feel threatened
Consort Tran grew up in Guangzhou, her parents and siblings were relatively open-minded, so from a young age she was smart and active, absorbed Western culture, did not like to be confined within the framework. which way.
Receiving the favor of Quang Tu, the extraordinary Tran stayed by the Emperor’s side, and at the same time discovered that the feudal ideology in the palace was too serious, plus the Giap Ngo war (1894-1895) failed and signed a series of events. treaty harms the country. Consort Tran began to propose the transformation of Mau Tuat (also known as Bach Nhat Duy Tan in 1898) to Emperor Quang Tu.
Accordingly, Consort Tran especially supported Quang Tu to carry out reforms, and moreover often plotted with the Mau Tuat transformation. Consort Tran’s move to interfere in the royal court is also considered: One is to break the court’s rules so far, and the other is to bypass Tu Hi.
Empress Dowager Cixi was a conservative in thought, advocating seclusion, only pursuing her position, protecting her authority and domination. Empress Dowager Cixi and Consort Tran had opposing political ideas, while Concubine Tran advocated changing the law to threaten the domination of Empress Dowager Cixi. Concubine Tran had the intention of regent, infringing on the majesty of the Empress Dowager Cixi.
Consort Tran and Emperor Quang Tu
3. Pearl excessively “Westernization”
Advanced Western technology has just been introduced into the Qing Dynasty, many people have not yet been able to accept these novelties, especially cameras.
Consort Tran bought a camera, also studied photography techniques in the palace, often took pictures of palace maids and eunuchs, sometimes even taking pictures of Emperor Quang Tu approving the show.
This action of Concubine Tran is also not suitable for rituals, often wearing men’s costumes, even wearing the long robes of Emperor Quang Tu. At the time, many people thought that the camera was a monster with a magic spell.
Also during this period, Tran Phi was pregnant, but unfortunately miscarried. This makes people feel that the camera is evil. Cixi got angry and ordered someone to seize Concubine Tran’s camera and throw it outside the palace, only she was allowed to take pictures on the condition that the photographer must be a Westerner.
4. Concubine considers the heavens equal because she is protected by Emperor Quang Tu
Consort Tran has a hobby of spending money comfortably, giving a lot of rewards to the eunuch. In the palace, the amount of money for concubines is limited, and of course this is not enough for Concubine Tran to spend. Therefore, Concubine Tran began to study under the Empress Dowager Cixi, collaborating with her brother to accept bribes and sell official positions.
Concubine Tran’s brother was outside the palace to help find someone. After receiving the transaction money, Consort Tran nominated this person for Quang Tu, because of his favor, the Emperor generously rewarded the mandarin.
Song Tran concubine just wanted to make money, did not check the candidate’s ability. After she recommended a carpenter to be an official, Quang Tu later discovered that the carpenter was illiterate. The story reached the ears of Empress Dowager Cixi, she became angry and brought the concubine from noble to noble.
Tran Phi sells coffins for talent
5. Concubine humiliating Tu Xi in front of court officials
Concubine Tran has an arrogant personality, many times does not follow the rules, even dares to oppose Cixi, challenges the authority of Empress Dowager Cixi, even a few times to refute the opinion of the Empress Dowager in front of the public. mandarin.
Having lost face many times, Cixi naturally held hatred in her heart. A person who doesn’t see himself as good, why let them stay in this world? So to avoid bringing disaster to the body, Tu Hi took action first.
The eight-country coalition infiltrated the Qing dynasty, and Cixi fled to Xi’an, and before that, did not forget to execute Consort Zhen, and sent someone to throw her into the well. After Empress Dowager Cixi returned to the palace, in order to conceal her behavior, she sent someone to take Tran’s remains and bury them, pretending to praise Concubine Tran for having committed suicide, and at the same time pursuing her. style as noble concubine.