Scientists have discovered GRA 221009A gamma ray burst in October 2022, about 2.4 billion light years away from Earth, according to a newly published study.
The light from the explosion emits energy up to 18 teraelectronvolts. It is the brightest space explosion ever recorded.
The explosion was so powerful that it caused major changes in the electric field of the Earth’s ionosphere at an altitude of about 500 km.
“In this study, we present evidence of changes in the ionospheric electric field at about 500 km caused by the strong gamma-ray burst that occurred on October 9, 2022,” said the research team led by physicist Mirko, astrophysicist at the university. Piersanti said. of the National Institute of Astrophysics in L’Aquila and Italy.
“Using both satellite observations and a newly developed special analytical model, we demonstrate that GRA 221009A had a profound effect on Earth’s ionospheric conductivity, causing strong perturbations that could not be detected only in the lower ionosphere, but also in the upper Even in the ionosphere”.
The gamma-ray burst causes light echoes, which are produced by light passing through a thick layer of dust as it approaches Earth, creating an “expanded ring” effect.
Gamma radiation is the highest energy part of the electromagnetic spectrum, followed by X radiation. Gamma ray photons have 1 billion to 1,000 billion times more energy than photons in the visible part of the spectrum.
The research has just been published in the journal Nature communication.
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