All kinds of ‘COVID green cards’ in Europe

Happy COVID green cards in Europe - Photo 1.

A vaccine passport is used to certify that a person has been vaccinated or has recovered from the disease or has tested negative for COVID-19 – Photo: AFP

Some countries have begun to relax regulations on wearing masks, keeping distance in contact… While some countries plan to deploy vaccine passports, there are also countries that have not applied or abandoned them temporarily. always passport vaccines, relying on other measures to control the epidemic.

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According to the AP news agency, Portugal began easing epidemic prevention measures after nearly 80% of the population had been vaccinated and the ratio of COVID-19 cases per 100,000 people in 14 days fell to 240 cases. Previously, in January 2021, this number was 1,668 cases.

End of July, by page Euronews, Portuguese Prime Minister Antonio Costa announced a plan to relax epidemic prevention measures including three phases spanning the months of August, September and October.

Specifically, from August 1, Portugal lifted the curfew, allowing restaurants, shops … to operate until 2am the next morning. But people need a “green card” to go to restaurants on weekends or holidays and go to crowded places.

From September 13, masks are no longer required on the streets, public events are allowed to be held at 75% capacity instead of 66% as before. Bars and discos (which have been closed for the past 16 months in Portugal) will only reopen in October.

Meanwhile, according to Radio US (Netherlands), from September 25, the Netherlands began to remove the regulation to keep a distance of 1.5m between people, but it is still mandatory to wear a mask on public transport. Residents must present a COVID-19 certificate or test negative to enter bars, cafes and cinemas, but nightclubs remain closed.

Denmark became the only European country to no longer impose restrictions thanks to a drop in the number of new cases and an increase in vaccine coverage. Currently, 73% of the country’s 5.8 million people have received the full dose, while the number of new cases per day is about 500.

From mid-August, Denmark removed the requirement to wear masks on public transport. On September 10, the country no longer required a COVID-19 certificate when entering a nightclub, an event marking the final lifting of epidemic prevention measures.

Denmark’s Health Minister Magnus Heunicke said vaccines play an important role in helping the country return to normal. But Mr. Heunicke was still cautious when he said: “Basically, everyday life is back to normal, but that doesn’t mean there won’t be any danger. The virus has mutated many times, so I can’t guarantee anything. However, for many people. vaccinated, we’ll be fine.”

Vaccine Passport

Many European countries now require people to have a vaccine passport in order to participate in mass gatherings. A vaccine passport – also known as COVID-19 passport, green card…, is proof that a person has been fully vaccinated, has recovered from the disease or has tested negative for the virus. COVID-19.

In Europe, a number of countries have developed domestic “COVID-19 certification” in line with the European COVID-19 digital certification (EUDCC), facilitating smooth travel within the bloc. Some other countries are simpler when applying EUDCC with domestic.

According to the newspaper GuardianAustria, Belgium, Cyprus, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal and Slovenia are among the European countries that have announced some form. of the vaccine passport.

France requires the presentation of a “COVID-19 passport” to enter cinemas, theatres, museums, nightclubs, some commercial centers… From the end of September, the passport will apply to all everyone 12 years of age and older.

Some countries like Sweden have applied EUDCC to make it easier for visitors and citizens to travel within the euro. But Sweden does not require a “vaccine passport” to go to crowded places.

Meanwhile, in the UK the government is considering temporarily not applying the vaccine passport, but may reconsider if the number of COVID-19 cases increases exponentially again. Currently, the UK relies on vaccines, testing, disease surveillance programs, new treatment methods… to protect the community.

Some other countries like Spain have tried to apply the vaccine passport but failed. In Spain, the governments of some regions such as the Canaries, Galicia, Cantabria and Andalusia want to deploy vaccine passports, but they have faced objections from the Supreme Court of Spain.

Is the vaccine passport successful?

According to the newspaper GuardianIf the main purpose of the vaccine passport is to increase vaccination rates, some countries have succeeded, typically France.

In a December 2020 survey, about 60% of French people said they were unlikely to get the vaccine. But since mid-July 2021, after French President Emmanuel Macron announced plans to apply COVID-19 passports, more than 13 million people have received the first dose. To date, about 88% of the adult population and 85% of children 12 years of age and older in France have received at least one dose.

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