Children participate in a campaign to raise awareness about HIV/AIDS on the occasion of World AIDS Day in Kolkata, India, December 1 – Photo: REUTERS
A report jointly conducted by the International Labor Organization (ILO) and Gallup International, a research and polling firm, shows that HIV-related stigma and discrimination persists in the environment. labor school.
Nearly 40% of interviewees said that people with HIV should not be allowed to work directly with people who are not infected. Six out of 10 people are in favor of mandatory HIV testing before being allowed to work.
Research shows that lack of knowledge about HIV transmission is the cause of stigma and discrimination.
Only 1 in 2 people know HIV cannot be transmitted by sharing a toilet, and only a quarter of respondents correctly answered how HIV is transmitted.
Myths and misconceptions persist and contribute to stigma and discrimination.
The report-building information was collected from more than 55,000 people from 50 countries worldwide. The views of the regions on this issue are quite different.
Asia and the Pacific are the regions with the lowest rates accept work directly with people with HIV (only 40% of respondents think that people with HIV should be allowed to work with people who are not infected), followed by the Middle East and North Africa (42%).
The regions with the most positive attitudes were East Africa and South Africa. Accordingly, nearly 90% of the interviewees said that direct work with HIV-infected people should be allowed.