Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison speaks online at a meeting with US President Joe Biden and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson – Photo: AFP
On the morning of September 16 (Vietnam time), the White House announced the establishment of a trilateral cooperation agreement named AUKUS after an online meeting between US President Joe Biden, Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson.
Australians are more assertive
Mr Morrison said AUKUS working groups would be planning within the next 18 months to build a new fleet of Australian nuclear submarines based in Adelaide. This plan will make Australia the seventh country in the world to own a nuclear-powered submarine. AUKUS is expected to align Australia even more closely with the US from a military and technological standpoint in the long term.
“What makes AUKUS so important is the result of long-standing cooperation with the US and UK on advanced weapons capabilities. This cooperation presents a major challenge to any country that acts hostile. enemy in the region” – Dr. Sascha-Dominik Dov Bachmann (Canberra Law School, Australia), a researcher on Australian policy in the region, commented to Tuoi Tre.
Experts familiar with the Australian calculation also see AUKUS as a step forward in Canberra’s efforts to find autonomy in nuclear submarine technology. According to Dr. Bachmann, Australia will have to consider developing its own nuclear facility when it does not want to be dependent on the US for this. “Australia is the world’s largest uranium exporter. It makes sense to develop such infrastructure, in line with a policy focused on enhancing government autonomy,” he said.
Meanwhile, Professor John Blaxland, an expert on international intelligence and security at the Center for Strategic and Defense Studies (Australian National University), said that Australians are now more assertive in their choices. between “fear of abandonment and fear of being tied down”.
“The Australian government seems to believe that autonomy will increase through increased reliance on UK and US nuclear technology, facilities and supply flows,” Prof Blaxland said.
The irony is that to become more self-sufficient, Australia needs American capabilities and technology even more.
Professor John Blaxland (expert in international intelligence and security, Australian National University)
New type of cooperation lever
International public opinion will not be strange to Beijing’s reaction to new developments like AUKUS. The question is, will collaborations like AUKUS work. And now is the time to observe this mind match.
Many people think that AUKUS is not necessarily necessary because China is unlikely to push the conflict to war. But Prof. Blaxland emphasized the deterrence of AUKUS. “Chinese leaders and strategists have to weigh the risks and it’s probably less likely that they make decisions that cross the line of war,” he said.
In fact, China’s “gray zone” strategy has long created difficulties for regional policymakers. The majority are not willing to “choose sides”, not joining the coalition.
In the context of some old-fashioned alliances being considered obsolete, over the years, countries have begun to promote cooperation models in the style of focusing on specific fields, small-scale and close to each priority. more water. AUKUS is one of the most suitable frameworks work like that.
After AUKUS was announced, it was suggested that New Zealand and Canada were “abandoned”. Although New Zealand advocates saying “no” to nuclear development, its close relationship with Australia still makes many experts question the compatibility between New Zealand and Australia in their approach to global issues. when New Zealand did not join AUKUS.
However, Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern insists AUKUS will “never change our intelligence and security relationship with these three countries nor with Canada”. In other words, if not participating in the nuclear issue, countries such as New Zealand will maintain cooperation with the UK, US, Australia or Canada in other agreements in line with their priorities and strategies. their own.
In another development, France expressed dissatisfaction when the birth of AUKUS was considered to have ended the 40 billion USD submarine deal between this country and Australia. Paris and European leaders are using AUKUS as a springboard for promoting greater European Union defense autonomy.