Conspiracy theories surrounding 9/11

Some people believe in baseless conspiracy theories that the “underground state” in the US carried out the 9/11 terrorist attacks, or that the Pentagon was hit by a missile.

Just a few hours after the terrorist attacks in the US on September 11, 2001, the first conspiracy theories appeared on the Internet, since then it has been increasingly spread and augmented by the development of the Internet. social network.

Reports from the 9/11 Commission, US government agencies and various groups of experts have denied the existence of any secret conspiracy related to the terrorist attacks. However, advocacy groups in the US and elsewhere, within the 9/11 Truth movement, still argue that much is hidden.

Following the growing conspiracy theory movements online, such as QAnon, The “underground state” in the US is responsible for the terrorist attack. Online videos clipped from a documentary series called “Loose Change”, which summarizes conspiracy theories about 9/11, reinforces even more misinformation.

People in New York City, USA, witness smoke rising from the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001.  Photo: AP.

People in New York City, USA, witness smoke rising from the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001. Photo: AP.

Some say the US government orchestrated the attacks, or knew in advance of the plot but allowed it to take place. The story has grown further as recent online movements carry the belief that global elites plan to restrict civil liberties in the wake of the attacks, facilitating the establishment of an autocratic government. world.

According to a statement widely shared online, “airplane fuel cannot melt steel beams,” in order to prove that the twin towers of the World Trade Center (WTC) in New York City have been destroyed. destroyed with explosives.

However, an official report explains that the planes did significant damage to the pylons of the two towers, damaging the fireproofing. In addition, flames of up to 1,000 degrees Celsius in some areas warped the steel beams, eventually causing the two towers to collapse.

The collapse of the WTC building No. 7 located near the twin towers has also attracted a number of conspiracy theories, including some that became popular on major social media sites around last year’s 9/11 memorial.

This building, which houses the offices of the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the US Department of Defense and the Office of Emergency Management, collapsed a few hours after the twin towers, although not hit by planes or targeted directly.

However, a three-year investigation by the US National Institute of Standards and Technology concluded in 2008 that the building collapsed because of intense and uncontrolled fires that lasted nearly seven hours, starting at Debris flew from the nearby North Tower as it collapsed.

WTC 7 was the first skyscraper to collapse due to a fire. However, in 2017, the Plasco building in the Iranian capital Tehran also collapsed for the same reason.

The news that WTC 7 was down was broadcast on a live report by BBC reporter Jane Stanley, while the building was still visible behind her, cited in conspiracy theories that the media outlets big part of a secret insider conspiracy.

Jane Stanley reported that the 7th WTC building collapsed, while the building was still standing behind her.  Photo: BBC.

Jane Stanley reported that the 7th WTC building collapsed, while the building was still standing behind her. Photo: BBC.

However, Reuters news agency misreported the collapse before it was published on the BBC and also reported by CNN. Reuters later corrected it, but videos from the news continued to circulate in the days leading up to the annual 9/11 anniversary.

Some conspiracy theories even claim that The Pentagon, which was hit on the west side by American Airlines Flight 77, was actually hit by a missile and this is part of a government conspiracy. According to those who believe in this theory, the hole left in the building is too small to be hit by a passenger plane.

However, a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers once explained to Popular Mechanics magazine that the size and shape of the hole was the result of one wing of the Boeing 757 hitting the ground, the other wing was broken. when it collides with a building.

Meanwhile, a fourth United Airlines flight, flight 93, crashed in a field near the town of Shanksville, Pennsylvania, after passengers tried to regain control of the plane from the ground. hijacker.

According to conspiracy theories, this flight was shot down by a white plane moving into a nearby airport. In the autobiography of Dick Cheney, then vice president of the United States, he revealed that he had ordered to shoot down any commercial airliner that was believed to have been hijacked. However, the 9/11 Commission report said this order was not communicated to the pilots.

Another conspiracy theory falsely claims that no Jews were killed in the attacks, as 4,000 Jewish employees at the WTC received advance notice not to go to work on the day of the attack. disaster.

According to those who believe in this theory, The Israeli government carried out the terrorist attack to provoke the United States to attack its enemies in the region, or this is the plan of a powerful Jewish elite that secretly controls world events.

The attack that shocked the world 20 years ago

The day America was attacked 20 years ago. Video: USA Today.

In fact, of the 2,071 9/11 victims working at the WTC, 119 have been identified as Jewish and at least 72 others are also believed to be of Jewish origin. By some estimates, as many as 400 Jews may have been killed on 9/11.

Similar conspiracy theories swirl around other countries, including Iraq and Iran, but there isn’t any evidence of any direct involvement.

Luster (Follow BBC)


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