Discovering a giant phenomenon like a monk’s head lying face up to the sky, scientists have a headache to find a solution to the extraordinary power of the ancestors

In 1938, the head of the US Department of Ethnology Matthew Stirling was assigned to research several archaeological sites. Among them is Tres Zapota, a place that is considered to contain many traces of prehistoric people.

The search also includes the help of William Duncan Strong, head of Columbia University’s Anthropology department, and Clarence Wolsey Weiant, a PhD student working on this mysterious land.

Unexpected discovery from the tips of local people

During the four months of carrying out the exploration of human history, the team of archaeologists encountered numerous difficulties. Such as swampy terrain, constant rain, spiders, snakes and “disturbing” insects.

However, they still achieved certain results, including the oldest stone slabs of the Mesoamerican civilization, a religious statue and 15 U-shaped sculptures.

By chance, one day, Clarence overheard a story told by a local from an expedition a few years earlier about a mysterious site in the woods. He led the expedition to the indicated location. They proceeded to dig a deep trench and discovered a giant 1.8m-tall statue of a human head. The statue of a giant head lying face up to the sky looks like a Buddha image. Surprisingly, the lines on the face of the statue are very clear, flexible and delicate.

Discovering a giant phenomenon like a monk's head lying face up to the sky, scientists have a headache to find a solution to the extraordinary power of their ancestors - Photo 1.

So the big questions arise: Who made this giant statue and how old is it? Which historical figure does it represent?

Then, they found 16 more giant heads at 4 locations: Tres Zapota (2 pieces), Rancho la Cobata (1 piece), La Venta (4 pieces) and San Lorenzo (10 pieces).

After researching and researching, archaeologists determined that they were statues created by the Olmec people and named the head Cabeza Colosal.

The Olmecs are known as the first Mesoamerican civilization that existed between 1,400 and 300 BC. They lived mainly on the lowland coast of the Gulf of Mexico, in what are now the states of Veracruz and Tabasco.

Discovering a giant phenomenon like a monk's head lying face up to the sky, scientists have a headache to find a solution to the extraordinary power of their ancestors - Photo 2.

The Olmecs developed a trading network from the valleys of Mexico in the north to Central America in the south. This network allows them to share innovations such as writing, human sacrifice, calendars, Mesoamerican ball games, and a writing system of dotted bars and Mayan civilizations. and the later Aztecs.

Miracles from a thousand years ago

Experts have put forward 2 main theories about the characters carved on the stone head:

– The first (most popular) theory: The Olmecs carved statues of their great military generals.

– The second theory: Based on the hat that the statues wear on their heads, it is thought that this may be a statue depicting the heads of football players executed at that time. It is known that in Central America, after a football match, the loser would be beheaded.

Discovering a giant phenomenon like a monk's head lying face up to the sky, scientists have a headache to find a solution to the extraordinary power of their ancestors - Photo 3.

Based on the images of the found statues, scientists found common features: All male, aged from young to middle-aged, large fat face, flat and wide nose, thick lips, above eyes There are bricks implying fan folds.

Each statue wears a well-fitting helmet-like hat, tied under the chin, and some have normal or buttoned ears, a sign of elite status in ancient Central America.

Seen from the front, the head is usually spherical in shape, but in reality the statues are flattened from front to back, with much of the rear unpolished. None of the statues appear to have been painted.

Discovering a giant phenomenon like a monk's head lying face up to the sky, scientists have a headache to find a solution to the extraordinary power of their ancestors - Photo 4.
Discovering a giant phenomenon like a monk's head lying face up to the sky, scientists have a headache to find a solution to the extraordinary power of their ancestors - Photo 5.
Detecting a giant phenomenon like a monk's head lying face up to the sky, scientists have a headache to find a solution to the extraordinary power of their ancestors - Photo 6.

The Olmec heads are believed to be carved from the monolithic volcanic basalt of Mount Tuxtlas and range in height from 1.47m to 3.4m. Before the blocks are carved, they are moved to the carving site from a distance of 300 km. Until now, scientists have not been able to figure out how the Olmecs moved such blocks of stone weighing up to 20 tons.

According to calculations, if using human power, it takes 1,500 people to move continuously for 3-4 months to bring the stone to the place of carving. The carving tools are also stone, not iron or copper, so the carving is very time consuming. However, the expressions on the faces of the statues are flexible and unbelievably vivid.

Source: Synthesis

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