According to the American Institute of Research, the HIMARS rocket artillery played a huge role in helping Ukraine push back Russian forces from the southern city of Kherson.
The success of the Ukrainian army in the counter-offensive operation to retake control of the western bank of the Dnieper River in Kherson Province is largely due to the use of the High Mobility Rocket Artillery Complex (HIMARS) to destroy the supply lines of the forces. Russia in the region, the US-based Institute for the Study of War (ISW) said.
With the HIMARS cannon with a range of more than 80 km, the Ukrainian army destroyed nearly every bridge located in the Russian-controlled area in the south of Kherson province. This caused the Russian forces stationed in the city of Kherson to lose their supply of weapons, military equipment and personnel from the nearby Crimean peninsula. Ukraine also continuously used HIMARS artillery to attack the Russian supply, ammunition and headquarters depots.
The ISW said that the HIMARS rockets that the US supplied to Ukraine were not designed to destroy bridges, because they were only equipped with warheads containing about 50 kg of explosives, not enough destructive power to disable the constructions. solid process. However, Ukrainian forces have found a way to solve the problem.
“Ukrainian military devised a strategy to overcome that limitation by conducting many precision strikes with HIMARS artillery against the strategic Antonovsky bridge and the bridge on the Kakhovka hydroelectric dam. Rocket HIMARS did not collapse the bridge, but created it. side-by-side holes in the bridge deck, making it impossible for Russian heavy vehicles to pass through these structures,” ISW said.
As soon as Russia tried to repair it, the Ukrainian army continued to launch an ambush, targeting Russian machinery and equipment for repairing roads and bridges. These raids continued “until the Russian forces gave up”.
The Russian military also tried to build a pontoon bridge under the strategic Antonovsky bridge over the Dnieper River to minimize damage from the raids, but the Ukrainian army continued to attack this target. The successive raids caused Russia to stop building pontoon bridges across the Dnieper River.
“Extremely bad, Russia had to use barges to transport supplies, equipment and reinforcements from the east bank to the west bank of the Dnieper, but HIMARS artillery ambushed the barge and the landing area. When not being trained. raids, such barges are not enough to meet the supply needs for about 20,000 Russian motorized infantry troops stationed on the west bank of the Dnieper River, “said ISW.
HIMARS is a self-propelled multiple rocket launcher mounted on a wheeled chassis, developed from the M270 complex. Depending on the type of ammunition and configuration, HIMARS can hit targets at a distance of up to 300 km, but Ukraine has not been equipped with this type of ammunition by the US.
The HIMARS launcher vehicle can reach a maximum speed of 85 km / h and quickly leave the firing position to avoid being fired. The US has delivered about 20 HIMARS systems to Ukraine, which is considered one of Ukraine’s most powerful weapons in the war with Russia.
During a visit to the city of Kherson on November 14, President Volodymyr Zelensky praised HIMARS, and thanked the US and the West for providing weapons that helped change the course of the Ukrainian battlefield.
Western experts said that deploying HIMARS rocket artillery in the city of Kherson, Ukraine could completely threaten the corridor on the border connecting Russia’s western border with Crimea, as well as a series of logistics and ammunition depots. Russian pharmaceuticals in the region.
The advantage of HIMARS cannons from Kherson will be further promoted when the Pentagon recently announced $ 400 million in aid to Ukraine, including additional ammunition for this rocket artillery complex.
Jordan Cohen, a policy analyst at the CATO Institute in the US, said that when a vital supply route from Crimea is threatened, Russia will not be able to build a secure land corridor linking the peninsula to its western border. and at the same time give Ukraine more reason to convince Western allies to supply more weapons.
Nguyen Tien (Theo NewsWeek)