Referring to the pyramids, people immediately think of Egypt with a rich history and culture. The shape of the Egyptian pyramids is thought to represent the primordial mound from which the Egyptians believed the Earth was created, as well as the sun’s rays. To date, scientists have found 138 pyramids in Egypt.
However, few people know that in Southeast Asia, there is also a very special pyramid. It is even considered to be the oldest pyramid on Earth, which archaeologists have not yet identified precisely.
The drawing simulates the Gunung Padang relic.
It is Gunung Padang – a place that could be evidence of an advanced civilization that predates any civilization currently known to the world.
Shocking discovery at Mount Padang
Although few people know it, there is actually an ancient Pyramid hidden beneath a mountain in Indonesia for millennia. It is called Gunung Padang, a name that means “Mountain of Light”.
Gunung Padang was first reported in 1914, nestled among volcanoes, banana groves and tea gardens, at an altitude of 886m above sea level and about 120km south of Jakarta.
Photo taken at Gunung Padang.
Gunung Padang doesn’t look like a Pyramid at all. It looked like a big hill covered with broken ancient stone pillars, a kind of prehistoric cemetery where all the tombstones had been knocked down.
For many years, that was all archaeologists thought about the site. However, in 1914, Dutch archaeologists came to study and determined this to be an ancient megalithic site.
Close-up of volcanic rock at Gunung Padang.
Although this is the largest megalithic site in Indonesia, scientists think it is not nearly as significant as others, and its rocks are not the oldest. They are considered to be dated to only about 2,500 years ago. Therefore, this archaeological site was always forgotten until 2010, when Danny Hilman Natawidjaja came to visit.
Danny Hilman is a researcher from the Indonesian Academy of Sciences. He thinks there is more to this site than one might think and he will prove it.
Using careful excavation and remote sensing techniques such as ground-penetrating radar and seismic tomography, he and his team got to work.
What they found shocked the archaeological community. Much of the 100-meter-long hill is man-made – and it’s not really a hill. It is a stepped pyramid, built over a period of millennia, by the oldest civilization that the world has yet to discover.
The World’s Oldest Pyramid
The structure below the hill seems very massive. Researchers estimate that it is three times larger than Java’s famous Borobudur temple complex. But what its purpose is and whether there is a tomb in its heart remains a mystery.
What confuses scientists the most is the complexity of the pyramids. The site is thought to have been inhabited and remodeled many times, as evidenced by its distinctive layers of texture.
The floor just below the surface of the present-day grassy hill appears to have been built by a people who inhabited the area around 600 BC. But they are not the first in this place.
The deeper you drill down, the more mysterious this mystery becomes. Initially, Gunung Padang was dated to be at least 5,000 years old, then 10,000 years old and finally 20,000 years old.
According to Live Science, the “heart” of the pyramid, the deepest layer, appears to have been built a long time ago, with the oldest parts dating back to around 25,000 BC.
If this deepest carbon dating is correct, then Gunung Padang not only “beats” the other pyramids in Egypt in age, but it also precedes the first recognized civilization in Mesopotamia.
Until now, the official documents about Gunung Padang are quite few and unclear. If this work is discovered, perhaps scientists need to rewrite history for the prehistoric period. At the same time shedding light on an extremely advanced but extremely mysterious ancient civilization.