Director General of the Atomic Energy Agency of Iran (AEOI) Mohammad Eslami (left) and Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Rafael Grossi at a press conference on September 12 in Tehran, Iran – Photo: REUTERS
According to the agreement reached on September 12 after a meeting with IAEA Director General Rafael Grossi, Director of the Atomic Energy Agency of Iran (AEOI) Mohammad Eslami confirmed the authorization of IAEA inspectors to use the equipment. monitoring installation at Iranian nuclear facilities, replacing data memory. These data will be sealed and stored in Iran under the joint supervision of the IAEA and AEOI.
“We have agreed on the replacement of IAEA memory cards for surveillance cameras,” Eslami was quoted as saying by Reuters news agency.
Before Grossi’s visit, the IAEA informed its member states that there had been no progress on two central issues: asking Iran to explain the traces of uranium at some old nuclear facilities, asking Iran for permission emergency access to certain surveillance equipment so that the IAEA can continue to monitor Iran’s nuclear program under the provisions of the 2015 nuclear deal. The issue of monitoring is at the heart of tensions surrounding the Iran nuclear deal. past time.
According to observers, the September 12 agreement offers hope for stalled negotiations from June 2021. Previously, Western countries were considering pushing for a resolution condemning Iran and putting pressure on the IAEA at its meeting next week. The critical resolution could lead Tehran to refuse to return to negotiations.
Last week, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken said that Washington was “close to” giving up its diplomatic efforts.
For its part, Iran affirms its transparency on nuclear issues, and calls on the IAEA to take an objective attitude towards its nuclear program.
Under the 2015 deal, Iran agreed to limit its nuclear activities in exchange for the lifting of sanctions. In 2018, former US President Donald Trump withdrew from the agreement, reimposed economic sanctions. Iran then responded by breaking its commitments not to enrich uranium to a level that could be used in nuclear weapons.