Komodo dragon on the endangered list because of sea level rise

Komodo dragons on the endangered list because of sea level rise - Photo 1.

Komodo dragons currently only live on the island of Komodo about 390 square kilometers – Photo: AFP

According to the Red Book of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), climate change is gradually becoming a factor leading to the extinction of species, in addition to the expansion of human activities.

“The fact that prehistoric animals like the Komodo dragon are one step closer to extinction due to climate change is truly terrifying,” said Andrew Terry, conservation director at the Zoological Society of London. told Reuters news agency.

According to IUCN, due to living separately on the islands of Indonesia, Komodo dragons are quite well protected. However, sea level rise due to climate change will engulf the islands, shrinking about 30% of this lizard’s habitat.

About 28% of the 138,000 animal species are classified and classified by the IUCN as at risk of being lost forever in the wild.

The only bright spot in the IUCN Red List 2021 is the resurgence of Atlantic bluefin tuna, a fish that often appears in high-end Japanese sushi.

Thanks to the imposition of fishing quotas and efforts to combat illegal fishing, the number of Atlantic bluefin tuna skyrocketed, from “endangered” to “least concern”.

Phuong Nam bluefin also improved from “critically endangered” to “endangered”, while longfin and yellowfin tuna were classified as “least concern”.

In addition to Komodo dragons, IUCN also expressed concern for sharks and rays because of over-hunting. These are inherently less fertile than tuna species, according to the IUCN.

“Ocean species are often forgotten because they’re underwater and few notice what’s happening to them,” said Craig Hilton-Taylor, head of the IUCN Red List compilation unit. with Reuters.

According to Hilton-Taylor, the resurgence of tuna species is a good example of what humans can actively do. “We should take this example and apply it to the shark fishing industry,” said Hilton-Taylor.

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), about 800,000 tons of sharks are hunted each year. However, other studies suggest that the number may be 2 to 4 times larger than the FAO statistics.

“The state of the Red Book shows that we are on the cusp of a sixth mass extinction event,” said Hilton-Taylor.

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