Nui Chua and Kon Ha Nung officially become world biosphere reserves

Nui Chua and Kon Ha Nung officially became world biosphere reserves - Photo 1.

The wild beauty of Hang Rai tourist spot in the tourist cluster of Nui Chua Biosphere Reserve – Photo: VNA

Within the framework of the meeting of the International Coordinating Council for the Program on Man and the Biosphere (CIC-MAB), which is taking place from September 13 to 17 in Nigeria, 22 reserves of 20 countries and groups of countries have been included in the list. consideration for recognition of a world biosphere reserve.

Two biosphere zones in Vietnam, Nui Chua in Ninh Thuan province and Kon Ha Nung in Gia Lai province, were officially registered on this occasion, bringing the number of world biosphere reserves in Vietnam to a total of 11 .

According to Ms. Le Thi Hong Van – Ambassador, Chief Representative of the Vietnamese Delegation to the United Nations Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization (UNESCO), Vietnam is the only country with two dossiers approved immediately. from the first round of review and thus after 6 years, Vietnam has a new biosphere reserve registered in the world.

On this occasion, CIC-MAB also reviewed the 10-year periodical report on management and development of Can Gio World Biosphere Reserve and Cu Lao Cham – Hoi An. These reports were highly appreciated by the board.

Nui Chua is said to be a typical arid ecosystem in Southeast Asia, with a natural area of ​​29,856 hectares, Nui Chua National Park in the South Central province of Ninh Thuan, is the convergence of all three spaces: forest, sea and semi-forest. desert, including many rich and diverse ecosystems. This is the habitat of more than 1,500 plant species, including 10 endemic species, 54 rare species recorded in the Vietnam Red Book and the World Red List. The fauna is also very rich with 756 species of forest animals, over 350 species of coral, hundreds of species of marine animals. Nui Chua sea is also a rare place on the mainland where sea turtles come to lay eggs every year and are strictly protected.

One of the special features of Nui Chua National Park is that this area has a dry and hot climate similar to many places in Africa (the highest temperature is approximately 42 degrees Celsius). Therefore, this place is also known as “Phan Rang Dry Forest”. The harsh climate and diverse topography have created a standard model of the most typical and unique dry forest ecosystem of Vietnam and Southeast Asia.

Nui Chua and Kon Ha Nung officially became the world biosphere reserve - Photo 2.

In the Kon Ha Nung biosphere reserve, there are many beautiful waterfall systems, which are extremely attractive eco-tourism destinations – Photo: VNA

Meanwhile, Kon Ha Nung is known as a typical plateau biosphere reserve. Located in Gia Lai province in the Central Highlands, Kon Ha Nung Plateau Biosphere Reserve is more than 65,000 hectares wide, including Kon Ka Kinh National Park, Kon Chu Rang Nature Reserve and forest areas stretching across districts. , town: Dak Doa, Kbang, Mang Yang, An Khe…

This area has the specific characteristics of the Central Highlands forest, the richness of the tropical closed forest ecosystem, high biodiversity, and especially is located in part of the area of ​​many localities where inhabited areas are located. indigenous people live.

UNESCO’s recognition of Kon Ha Nung Plateau Biosphere Reserve as a world biosphere reserve will be an important condition for Gia Lai province to preserve the landscape and ecosystem in this area, and at the same time open up opportunities opportunities for people to develop an eco-friendly economy in parallel with preserving the indigenous cultural identity.

The event that Vietnam’s two biosphere reserves, Nui Chua and Kon Ha Nung, have just been enrolled in the world network of biosphere reserves. has a very special meaning.

Thus, after 6 years, our country has a newly registered world biosphere reserve (the last time was Lang Biang, 2015) and after 12 years, we have 2 registered zones at the same time (later). the records of Cu Lao Cham and Mui Ca Mau were recorded in 2009).

Vietnam is also the only country that has 2 applications approved right from the first round of approval because our application meets the set criteria well.

Today’s event represents the international recognition for the diverse and unique development of natural, biological, flora and fauna, and cultural values ​​of the community in two national biosphere reserves. in Vietnam as well as local and local efforts in sustainable biodiversity conservation.

In addition, the recognition of this world biosphere reserve is not merely a title, but creates a premise for localities to build a sustainable and inclusive socio-economic development model of the locality. themselves, harmoniously linking people and nature, combining the balance between biodiversity conservation in association with socio-economic development and people’s livelihoods, this is especially important in efforts to restore biodiversity. recovery and development after the COVID-19 pandemic.

Ms. Le Thi Hong Van,
Ambassador, Chief Representative of the Vietnamese Delegation to UNESCO

With UNESCO officially recognized two biospheres Nui Chua and Kon Ha Nung, Vietnam has 11 biosphere reserves in the world. These are biosphere reserves:

1. Can Gio Mangrove Biosphere Reserve (2000).

2. Dong Nai Biosphere Reserve (2001).

3. Red River Delta Biosphere Reserve (2004).

4. Cat Ba Biosphere Reserve (2004).

5. Kien Giang Biosphere Reserve (2006).

6. Tay Nghe An Biosphere Reserve (2007).

7. Cu Lao Cham Biosphere Reserve (2009).

8. Mui Ca Mau Biosphere Reserve (2009).

9. Lang Biang Biosphere Reserve (Da Lat) (2015).

10. Nui Chua Biosphere Reserve (Ninh Thuan) (2021)

11. Kon Ha Nung Biosphere Reserve (Gia Lai) (2021).

Conquering Nui Chua - Conquering Nui Chua – ‘African forest in Vietnam’

TTO – Exploring Nui Chua National Park is a wonderful experience tour that few people know about, both domestic and international. This is a land famous for its harsh climate and soil, which is likened to “African dry forest in Vietnam and ASEAN”.

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