During her more than 70 years of reign, Queen Elizabeth II led the royal family and the people through many turbulent times, becoming the fulcrum for the stability of England.
In her first speech to the British public in 1940, Elizabeth, the 14-year-old princess of Prince Albert and Princess Elizabeth Bowes – Lyon, sent a message of “happiness and courage” to the children of the country. . The princess was especially concerned for her peers who had to be evacuated, as Europe boiled with the smoke and fire of war in the early stages of World War II.
Few people would have predicted that the voice that day on British radio would gradually become a familiar sound to most people on the island and millions of people around the world over the next 80 years.
When the 96-year-old Queen took her last breath on September 8 at Balmoral Castle in Scotland, Elizabeth II’s reign ended after more than 70 years of reign, an unprecedented record in British history. For more than 7 decades, she has led the British royal family and the country through many ups and downs, turbulent periods of history.
She has appointed 15 British Prime Ministers, welcomed many guests from all over the world, from kings, presidents to religious leaders. During her reign, the Queen has always been dedicated to performing the duties of head of state of a European power that has changed according to the fluctuations of the times.
British media hailed her as a “symbol of stability” for the country for more than seven decades, when the royal family and the people needed a spiritual support in the midst of events.
“She has always made her duty a top priority, although her generation has long given her permission to rest. When she ascended the throne, the people had high hopes for an Elizabethan era of peace and harmony. It has become a reality, we have seen decades of great change and the standard of living for most people has been raised,” commented historian Elizabeth Norton.
According to Norton, Queen Elizabeth II has experienced many ups and downs in her 96 years of life, but she has overcome them with steadfastness and steadfastness.
“Queen Elizabeth II stayed out of most of the controversial royal affairs, especially in the last years of her life. She will be remembered in British memory as one of the most beloved monarchs of the time. modern,” said Norton.
When Elizabeth was born in 1926, the throne was not in the plan that Prince Albert and Princess Elizabeth Bowes – Lyon wanted for the princess.
The family’s life turned upside down when King Edward VIII, Albert’s brother, unexpectedly abdicated to pursue love with an American woman in 1936. Albert ascended the throne, taking the title of King George VI, and Elizabeth was placed in the throne. direct succession list.
King George VI died at the age of 56, after almost two decades on the throne. She succeeded her father’s throne, officially crowned in 1953 and became Queen Elizabeth II.
Queen Elizabeth II in her 96 years of life has witnessed countless changes of the times. During the early years of her reign, she moved the annual banquets for the wealthy elite from Buckingham Palace, opening the summer garden to nurses, masons and other common laborers. It was a period when Britain gradually got rid of its rigid social stratification structure.
In 1949, Elizabeth criticized divorce and separation as “the darkest crimes”. By the 1990s, she had to accept not to interfere in the broken marriages of her children and grandchildren, from Prince Charles to Princess Diana. In 1998, she also publicly supported plans to end sexism over inheritance to the British throne.
Not only in terms of cultural change, the Elizabeth II era is also associated with the world’s great advances in information technology. The Queen was the last British monarch to send a telegram and the first to post the message on Twitter.
She is also the first monarch in British history to send Christmas greetings to the people via television. The British royal website went online in 1997, opened a YouTube channel a decade later, took to Twitter in 2009 and opened Facebook and Flickr accounts a year later.
“She shows a calm personality in public. Her personal style has not changed much. It creates in the minds of the British people the image of a steadfast and stable leader amid unprecedented speed of change. precedent in technology and culture. However, she still silently does not let herself be left behind in the flow of the times,” said Eloise Parker, editor of HelloMagazine.com.
Christopher Warwick, a royal biographer, says Queen Elizabeth II has had a major impact on efforts to reform old rules and stereotypes. She has not changed too much, and is ready to change to better suit the times.
He praised the queen, behind the flashy doors of the palace and the heavy responsibility of the head of the royal family, as a humble and simple woman like any other British citizen.
Change is not always an easy decision. The royal family in the Elizabeth II era has suffered a lot of gossip in the media, especially since the US billionaire Rupert Murdoch’s tabloid empire landed on the island. When Princess Diana died in 1997, the Queen was also criticized by the media for being too cold and aloof.
Even so, Queen Elizabeth II always closely follows political developments and public opinion. British civil servants often refer to her as “Reader Number One”, because she carefully reads all information and documents sent to her by the government.
British Prime Ministers have all evaluated Queen Elizabeth II as a person with extensive knowledge of domestic and international issues.
During her period, “steel lady” Margaret Thatcher said she always found the Queen’s attitude to government work “totally correct”. “Your Majesty has an amazing understanding of contemporary issues and a wealth of experience,” Thatcher wrote.
Former Prime Minister Tony Blair also insisted he could discuss any issue with the Queen.
“The Queen maintains composure and neutrality in the ever-changing political and economic climate of Britain. Her reign can be summed up in the familiar wartime slogan ‘Peace’. calm down and move on’ in the early days of shaping his career,” commented commentator Eloise Parker.
Name (Theo Al Jazerra, Guardian)