Russian President Vladimir Putin – Photo: REUTERS
Information published by Reuters news agency after Russia recognized the independence of the two breakaway regions Donetsk and Luhansk’s Ukraine, hastened a crisis that the West feared could lead to a major war.
Specifically, tFollowing two identical friendship treaties submitted by Putin for ratification by the Russian parliament, Russia has the right to build bases in breakaway regions and on paper these regions can do the same. in Russia.
The parties pledged to protect each other and signed separate agreements on military cooperation and recognition of each other’s borders. The border issue is significant because the separatists claim parts of the two regions currently under Ukrainian control.
The 31-point treaties also contain provisions that confirm Russia and separatist organizations will integrate their economies. Both Donetsk and Luhansk are former industrial zones that need major assistance to rebuild after eight years of war with Ukrainian government troops.
These two treaties are valid for 10 years, automatically renewed for another 5 years unless one of the parties gives notice of withdrawal.
Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered the deployment of troops to two regions Donetsk and Luhansk after recognizing the independence of these two regions on February 21.
Reacting and seeking to defend themselves against Russia’s decision, on February 22, Ukraine’s Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba said Ukraine was certain of a “resolute and united” response from the European Union (EU) to Russia. , after speaking with top EU diplomat Josep Borrell.
“We share the same assessment of Russia’s illegal decision,” Kuleba said.
Regarding the current highest tension between Russia, Ukraine and the West, late on February 21, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) said there were more than 3,000 ceasefire violations in the region. eastern Ukraine on Sunday, February 20, including 2,158 in Donetsk and 1,073 in Luhansk.
The report reflects a sharp increase in violence in the Russian-backed separatist regions of Donetsk and Luhansk before President Vladimir Putin issued a decree ordering the Russian military to assume a “peacekeeping function.” here.
Mikko Kinnunen, president of the OSCE Office for Ukraine, said it is important that today’s decision (on the recognition of the independence of Donetsk and Luhansk) will not lead to new military action and bloodshed.
According to monitors, major clashes spread across the front lines between separatist forces and government troops in the eastern regions of Donetsk and Luhansk.
The eight-year conflict across the Russian-speaking industrial region, which has claimed the lives of more than 14,000 people, erupted after two regions rebelled in favor of the EU in 2014 in Kiev.