Students ‘cry out loud’ because of tuition increases

At the recent meeting of the National Assembly’s Committee on Culture and Education with the National University of Ho Chi Minh City, a matter of concern that university leaders mentioned is the current increase in tuition fees. The University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City implemented the project of autonomy from 2022 and the problem to be solved is the admissions story for difficult subjects.

Students cry because tuition fees increase - Photo 1.

Increasing tuition is a burden for most students. Photo: Nghiem Hue

The university proposed that the state have a preferential mechanism and financial support to encourage students to choose this major. The reality from Vietnam National University in Ho Chi Minh City shows that at present, the state’s investment in basic science is still low.According to statistics in the last 3 years, the training majors are socially oriented, but the actual demand for learners is not high such as: Philosophy, Religion, Italian Language, Spanish Language… Therefore , this year when self-control started, tuition increased, school leaders predicted that enrollment would be more difficult.

According to the data of this university, in 2020 the total human expenditure related to science and technology will be 142 billion VND, in 2021 it will be 88 billion VND and in 2022 there will be 104 billion VND. With about 1,100 doctorates and more than 300 professors and associate professors, the direct human expenditure for research investment is less than 10 million VND/person on average.

In addition, in 2020, the total recurrent expenditure per student from the state budget will be 3.3 million VND, then 2.4 million VND in 2021 and 1.3 million VND/student this year. This decrease in expenditure shows the degree of autonomy of member universities when they do not receive state budget, but in such a situation, tuition fees increase causing difficulties for basic sciences.

In order to share difficulties with learners, some schools have decided not to increase tuition fees. GS. Dr. Pham Hong Chuong, Rector of National Economics University, said that during the past 3 years, the school has not increased tuition fees and this year will be the same.

In the past two years, due to online learning, the school has saved some costs compared to face-to-face learning. Every year, the school has from 20 to 30 retired staff, the school applies information technology to reduce the human resources of the administrative department, so the school’s salary fund also saves a relatively large amount, the school spends studying support. fees for students.

Looking for a solution

National Assembly member Hoang Van Cuong (Doan Hanoi) said that the tuition fee of higher education was previously only a part of the expenses of schools, however, for autonomous schools, tuition fees must cover the entire program. Therefore, increasing tuition fees is natural, however, in the context that after the COVID-19 pandemic, people still face many difficulties, schools should also calculate other options to compensate.

Mr. Cuong affirmed that according to the inevitable trend, tuition fees must be made according to the principle of “correct calculation and full calculation”, ensuring that the revenue must be enough to cover expenses, when the state does not provide a budget for recurrent expenditure.

“This is due to each school’s policy as well as the school’s responsibility to society, to learners, but also to the State, it is only recommended, not mandatory,” said Mr. Hoang Van Cuong. speak.

According to him, schools must have many support solutions, so that children can access the best learning conditions, including high-quality programs. On the side of the State, when not providing training budget for training institutions, that part of the funding must be used to establish support funds for pupils, students and trainees who are subject to social policies, have good capacity.

Autonomous schools must also have scholarship funds for students. And leaders of the University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vietnam National University in Ho Chi Minh City know that about 70% of the school’s students come from rural areas. Therefore, when transitioning to autonomy, finance is a difficult problem for rural students and it is suggested that the government have more specific policies in long-term loans for students.

Many universities suggested that the Government continue to research and amend the loan policy for students in the direction of expanding the beneficiaries of the credit policy. Besides, allowing students to borrow loans with higher rates, longer loan periods, ensuring students can spend their lives equal to the average group of society and have enough money to pay tuition fees.

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