At the end of 2020, netizens in India and many parts of the world could not help but be surprised and surprised when photos of the golden turtle spread all over the internet, especially on the Twitter platform. It looks like a golden animal with a whole body like a toy made of plastic or a piece of greasy cheese and makes many people suspicious. However, it is completely real in nature and is also one of the extremely rare creatures that needs to be preserved!
According to The Quint news site, around the end of October 2020, a true golden tortoise was discovered in the state of West Bengal (India). Indian Forest Service (IFS) officer, Debashish Sharma, posted a few photos on Twitter and immediately caused an uproar in the online community.
Like a slice of cheese, a slab of butter or the yolk of an egg, this creature with all its head, feet, and nails in vivid yellow has quickly become the center of attention on the Internet.
Debashish posted the photos with the caption: “Today, a golden tortoise was rescued from a pond in Burdwan, West Bengal. This is a very rare species of turtle.”
Another IFS employee named Rames Pandey also shared more illuminating photos of the incident, writing: “This is the second time in such a short period of time that such a yellow turtle has been found. It is not clear whether the species is new or suffering from albinism, or mutant albinism.”
If this turtle is completely real, the question is, why do they have such a strange yellow color?
It is known that this is the second time in just three months that the Forest Service of India has announced the discovery of such a striking yellow turtle.
According to the information page SciencealertThe Indian flapshell turtle (Lissemys punctata), is a species of freshwater turtle extremely common in South Asia, where it is one of the most common of all aquatic turtles. They are usually brown with yellow spots and the underside of the body is creamy white. But because of a strange mutation, they have such a golden color.
Before that, in 1997, a turtle with yellow color and pink eyes was found in Gujarat (Western India). Besides, there are also a few individuals found in Myanmar and Bangladesh, but the data has not been published.
Where is the secret?
According to the scientists, this phenomenon is thought to be caused by a lack of pigment similar to pure albinism – a genetic disorder that causes a complete lack of pigment in the body.
But instead of turning white, in certain cases the pteridine pigments (yellow) are retained, and become the dominant color. This phenomenon is also known as leucopenia. And with turtles, this syndrome will create extremely striking colors.
When the first golden tortoise was discovered in India in July 2020, zoologists suggested that in some cases, other pigments could also persist after the mutation, such as color. Red. But examples of red turtles like this are not found on the Internet.