Grave in the school
In the late Northern Song and early Southern Song dynasties, the Jin army descended from the north and took over most of the Song ruled areas. At that time only Sichuan, Fujian, Guangdong and Guangxi were not invaded.
Countless upper-class aristocratic families from here turned into commoners, flocking to Fujian, making this place develop and trade extremely bustling.
On the afternoon of October 5, 1974, a man who was a teacher of Fujian High School was sweating profusely running to the provincial museum looking for archeology researchers. He said the school was renovating to expand the playground area and discovered there was an ancient tomb underground. Everyone said this could be a national cultural relic, so they sent him to the provincial museum to report the situation.
The site where the ancient tomb of the Song Dynasty was found (Image: Sina)
After the archaeological team finished cleaning the tomb, they discovered that there was a theft hole in the left corner tomb, there must be no valuable relics that can be unearthed here. Sure enough, when they entered, they only found a small white porcelain lamp and a bronze mirror, and the coffin was already rotting with no archaeological value.
But the tomb in the far right corner is intact, no sign of grave robbers. The stele inside says that the owner of the tomb is Hoang Thang – the main house (first wife) of Trieu Du Tuan.
It also emphasizes that these two are from unusual backgrounds, Trieu Du Tuan is the 11th grandson of Tong Thai To Trieu Khuong Dan – the founding emperor of the Song dynasty, and the father of Emperor Huang. Thang – the number one scholar of the Southern Song Dynasty.
The stele is engraved with the identity and origin of the owner of the tomb (Image: Baijiahao)
The archaeological team was very excited after reading it, the owner of the tomb was of aristocratic lineage, inside there must be many relics of high archaeological value. After opening the coffin lid, everyone was surprised by the glamor of the grave owner, on the head, on the neck, around the hands was a dazzling gold color of jewelry.
354-layer uniform set
Immediately, the archaeological team carefully cleaned up the scene and brought the woman’s body to the Provincial Museum for further processing. Surprisingly, when the experts needed to take off the clothes to examine the woman’s body more closely, they all had to say: “Too tired”.
The team of experts was indeed “tired of the ears”, It took twice as long as usual just to take off the 354 layers of clothes on this aristocratic tomb owner!
Full set of 4 spring, summer, autumn and winter clothes, including pajamas, formal clothes, casual clothes. In addition, these 354 layers are also made from all kinds of materials, which are twill, canvas, silk, satin, chiffon… Not only that, it also has a variety of designs from bibs, blouses, and tops. sleeves, pants, skirts… there are even pads that are used as “sanitary napkins” of modern times.
1 of 354 layers of clothes of the owner of the tomb (Image: Baijiahao)
Strictly speaking, this niece-in-law of Tong Thai To really wore the most and most fully a traditional dress of a woman of the Song Dynasty!
According to statistics so far, the lightest clothes in the world are plain fabrics excavated from the tombs of Ma Vuong Doi. But the clothes of the owner of this tomb are no less impressive because the thinnest shirt she wears weighs only 16.7 grams.
From the clothes of the owner of the tomb, you can see how wonderful the weaving technique of the Southern Song Dynasty was, really not inferior to the plain cloth of the Han Dynasty.
Although it must be admitted that the process of autopsies in this tomb is not easy for experts, the cultural relics, especially this costume, have helped experts gather more information. about the cultural life especially women’s clothing as well as the weaving technique of the Song Dynasty.