Older adults receive the AstraZeneca vaccine at a vaccination center in Surrey, England, January 2021.
Figures released by the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS) on September 13 show that from January 2 this year to July 2, 51,281 deaths related to COVID-19 were recorded. Of which, 38,964 cases were unvaccinated people.
The ONS also recorded 640 deaths in people who received two doses of the vaccine, including those who were infected before being vaccinated, accounting for about 1.2% of deaths from COVID-19.
In-depth analysis, ONS realized that there was a need for a new concept and this agency introduced the concept of “breakthrough death” to describe people who had received 2 doses and had less positive results. at least 14 days after the last injection.
2 weeks from the second shot is the criterion being used by some countries to recognize an individual as fully immunized. Even though the second dose has been given, but it has not been more than 14 days, it is not counted as a full injection.
A total of 256 breakthrough deaths were recorded in the UK between 2-1 and 2-7. This is also the period when the Delta variant appeared in the UK and surpassed the Alpha variant in number of cases.
This new concept is based on another concept called “breakthrough infection”, which refers to people who have had the recommended dose of vaccine but are still infected. The majority of breakthrough infections in countries are with the Delta variant.
Further analyzing the breakthrough deaths, the ONS found that 13.1% of the breakthrough deaths were immunocompromised, 61.1% of the patients were male, and the mean age was 84. This is the most vulnerable age group in the COVID-19 pandemic.
Julie Stanborough, an expert at ONS, explains: “Our new analysis shows sadly that there have been deaths related to COVID-19, despite being fully vaccinated. However, we also found that the risk of death related to COVID-19 was much lower in fully vaccinated individuals than in unvaccinated individuals.”
In addition to the breakthrough deaths, the ONS also reported the number of deaths in the group that received at least 1 dose of the vaccine by stages: in 21 days after injection and after 21 days.
The results showed that 4,388 people died of COVID-19 within 21 days after the first injection and 7,289 died of COVID-19 after 21 days of the first injection.
This statistic shows that people should not be subjective after receiving the first dose. Experts have previously warned that although the first dose has started to produce antibodies, the vaccine only achieves comprehensive protection when it is fully injected. 2 noses.
The common belief is that people who are older and have underlying medical conditions are more vulnerable to COVID-19. Most countries also focus on vaccinating these groups.
The ONS’s breakthrough statistics on deaths shows which groups are most vulnerable and need to take protective measures, such as booster shots 3, if they want to limit deaths from COVID-19.