Ukraine accuses Russia of using S-300 missiles to attack Kharkov

Ukrainian officials accused Russian forces of using S-300 anti-aircraft missiles to attack many targets in the northeastern province of Kharkov, causing power outages in many areas.

The emergency service of Kharkov province, northeastern Ukraine, said today that a series of explosions in the city center of the same name on the evening of September 27 destroyed a substation and a factory, killing 18,500 households in three districts. power outage.

Kharkov Governor Oleg Synegubov later accused Russian forces of using S-300 long-range anti-aircraft missiles to attack targets in this area. Witnesses said a train station was also hit, causing two carriages that were parked at the station and part of the track to be destroyed. No casualties were reported in the raid.

The Russian Defense Ministry has not commented on the information.

A fire in Kharkov, northeastern Ukraine, after a Russian air strike on the evening of September 27.  Photo: Reuters.

A fire broke out in Kharkov, northeastern Ukraine, after a Russian air strike on the evening of September 27. Image: Reuters.

Russia and Ukraine are using several versions of the S-300 long-range air defense system in hostilities, including variants of the S-300P series mounted on a wheeled chassis and the S-300V ballistic missile shield on board. crawler chassis.

The ability to hit ground targets of the S-300 air defense system is little mentioned in the West, but was revealed many years ago. The developers integrated the ability to strike fixed targets on the ground into the design of the S-300 missile, which has been in service since 1979. The Belarusian military has also used the S-300 system to destroy ground targets since tens of kilometers in the 2011 rehearsal.

The inertial navigation system and target parameter update via radio transmission allow the S-300 system to hit large ground targets. S-300 rounds are also difficult to intercept because of their high speed and flight path similar to ballistic missiles.

The situation of hostilities in northern and eastern Ukraine.  Graphics: WP.

The situation of hostilities in northern, southern and eastern Ukraine. Graphics: WP.

Western military experts believe that the S-300 system was deployed for ground strikes for practical reasons, such as the target being out of the artillery range but within the assault range of the anti-aircraft battery. no, as well as shorten the opponent’s reaction time and save costs.

“Cruise missiles have to fly farther and longer, while tactical ballistic missiles Iskander are usually intended for key purposes. Russia has eliminated many S-300 units to replace them with S-400 complexes and has stockpiles. enormous ammunition reserves, suitable for killing fixed targets on the ground, rather than for high-risk interception situations,” writes Thomas Newdick of Drive comment.

Vu Anh (Theo AFP)

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