US Vice President Kamala Harris visits the US-aided Pfizer vaccine warehouse at the National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology’s National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology in Hanoi at noon on August 26 – Photo: TT
The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is the governing body for the supply of COVID-19 vaccines for the COVAX mechanism. COVAX mechanism – managed jointly by many international organizations for the equitable procurement and distribution of COVID-19 vaccines to 92 low- and middle-income countries.
Data on the number of COVID-19 vaccines donated by countries compiled by UNICEF from published information shows that the US is the world’s largest donor of COVID-19 vaccines.
The country has donated more than 114 million doses of the COVID-19 vaccine to about 80 countries, mostly developing countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America.
China is the second largest vaccine donor in the world with 34 million doses, followed by Japan with 23.3 million doses.
Asian countries are among the groups that receive the most vaccines. Bangladesh, the Philippines, Indonesia and Pakistan have each received more than 10 million doses of the COVID-19 vaccine to date.
To date, more than 207 million doses of COVID-19 vaccine donated bilaterally or by proxy through the COVAX mechanism have been delivered to countries.
The number of vaccine doses given away by rich countries is still lower than the number of vaccines that the independent World Health Organization (WHO) committee calls for at least 1 billion doses by September 1, 2021 and 1 billion more doses by 2022.
A study by analytics group Airfinity found that rich countries bought more vaccines than they needed.
Airfinity estimates that the US, European Union, UK, Canada and Japan will have more than 1.2 billion doses left over in 2021 after completing immunizations for those eligible for the shot and also a booster dose.
WHO’s goal is to have enough vaccine to cover at least 40% of the world’s population by the end of this year and 70% by mid-2022.
In about 50 countries, mostly in Africa, less than 10% of the population is eligible to receive at least one dose of the vaccine, according to the website. Our World in Data.