Workers sew masks at a factory in Hung Yen province of Dong Xuan Knitting Company producing for export orders – Photo: NGUYEN HIEN
Those are the sharings of businesses and company unions at a conference to discuss solutions to overcome labor shortages in localities and industries organized by the Vietnam General Confederation of Labor on March 4.
Mr. Le Nhat Truong – union president of Pousung Dong Nai Company – said that the company has 23,000 workers, so the COVID-19 epidemic has greatly affected sportswear production, currently the factory is still short of 6,000 workers.
The reason for the shortage of workers according to Mr. Truong is that workers go from company to company, many workers “heard that if they work for 15 years, they will not be entitled to one-time social insurance”, more Some young workers are “overwhelmed” by an industrial environment that requires high discipline and fixed working hours, so they tend to quit.
“Many workers are very picky about their jobs. For example, when it comes to recruiting garment workers, it’s difficult to find male workers. Female workers who find the work hazardous and hard do not want to accept it, but just want simple, manual work. .
The company headed to the remote and remote areas of Dak Lak, Gia Lai, where there are many ethnic minorities, few jobs to recruit, but when they entered the company and saw the machines, they were afraid and went to another company with simpler jobs. simpler,” shared Mr. Truong.
Children are recognized to receive free examination, counseling and medicine distribution in a program implemented by the Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union – Photo: NGUYEN HIEN
From the fact that 28% of workers infected with COVID-19 have to take time off work, affecting the company’s signed orders, Mr. Tran Xuan Hoe – deputy general director of the 29-3 Garment Company in Da Nang – recommends employees to inject drugs. 3-shot vaccine tested positive for COVID-19 but no symptoms or mild symptoms are allowed to work, have lunch in an isolated area; The Ministry of Health considers researching and adding powers to health stations to reduce procedures for enjoying social insurance for employees.
In Ho Chi Minh City, Mr. Tran Doan Trung – vice president of the City Labor Confederation – said: “Workers have returned to Ho Chi Minh City, but the choice has changed. Many freelance jobs are more attractive because of people. We can both work and earn money in the same day and solve our needs such as picking up and dropping off children, solving household chores without being bound by time.”
To avoid the “policy in heaven, life on earth”, Mr. Trung said that the policy must be open so that people and businesses can enjoy immediately; clearly define housing needs and home ownership needs of employees; trade union – business cooperation under the perspective of partners.
In addition, the conference received many opinions that the laborers were not “satisfied” to return to the factory because the young workers’ salary was only 5 million VND (no overtime), the salary in Ho Chi Minh City and Binh Duong was 5-7. million but the cost of living is higher. Unfortunately, workers with health problems will be in debt, have to go home, do not want to return to the city. Kindergarten stopped accepting children, so parents did not feel secure to go to work, had to quit their jobs to stay at home to look after their children.
The solution proposed by some units is feasible such as linking between provincial Labor Confederations to support enterprises in recruiting workers; fully informing workers on legal policies to stabilize their psychology; Research proposal to increase the minimum wage, social benefits…
Concluding the conference, Vice Chairman of the Vietnam Trade Union Ngo Duy Hieu noted the recommendations and proposals of enterprises, grassroots trade unions and specialized committees to summarize and consider sending them to competent authorities.